Rwanda or in Kinyarwanda, 'Repubulika y'u Rwanda' is in Central Eastern Africa and an immediate neighbour of Burundi both in Geography and history. The peoples of the two countries share language and culture. Her other neighbours are Uganda, Tanzania and the DRC. The Kingdom of Rwanda dominated from the mid-eighteenth century. The Tutsi Kings conquering others militarily, centralising power, and later enacting anti-Hutu policies Formerly, French was the official language of Rwanda which was colonized by both Germany and Belgium but now the country has chosen English. Germany colonised Rwanda after the Scramble for Africa. Belgium invaded Rwanda during the first World War. Both these European nations perpetuated the pro-Tutsi policy for years. In 1959 the Hutu who felt marginalised revolted and massacred a large number of Tutsi and ultimately creating a Hutu dominated independent state in 1962. In 1990, the Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) began a civil war. In the shocking genocide of 1994, Hutu extremists killed an estimated 500,000 to 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu. The situation was not unforseen and nations stood accused for not intervening. Europe and particularly The Vatican were on the spot in a largely Catholic faith confessing land. It was the The Rwandan Patriotic Front that ended the genocide with a military victory. Since the 1994 genocide, there has been much progress in terms of healing and holding the nation together. The national anthem of the country is titled "Rwanda nzisa" which means "beautiful Rwanda." Indeed Rwanda has deepened faith in herself after the tough 90s. Her motto: Ubumwe, Umurimo, Gukunda Igihugu translates from Kinyarwanda to "Unity, Work, Patriotism". Rwanda has taken advantage of modern technology connecting all the schools in the country to the internet.